What is the Python List Comprehension method?

Python List comprehension is an easy and precise way of creating lists from pre-existing iterable objects such as lists, tuples etc.



How to use Python List Comprehension?

For instance we can create a list with some numbers from a range. Usually one starts off by creating a blank list followed by a for x in range(1, 11). And then we will do newlist.append(x).

 This is going to create a list and append the value of x every time we run through.



However, using list comprehension we can write fewer lines of code but get the same output. So what we need to do is again start with the name of the list. This is the start of the list comprehension. In this case, we will name the list, ‘listcomp’ is equal to and we now open the square brackets.


Python List Comprehension is a useful tool while coding


Now within the brackets, we need to write x for x in range(1,11). This means that for every value within the range of 1 to 11 represented by x create a list of x.

Now if we print the list ‘listcomp’ we will definitely obtain a list the same as the one we created using the for loop.



That’s the simplest, simplest comprehension that is much more elegant compared to the three lines of code we had previously used.

Another example of using Python List Comprehension

Suppose we only wanted to create a list with numbers only greater than three. In such a case we would say if x is greater than three newlist.append.



So now down here, we can see the first list here is now 4 to 10 because we’re appending x only if it is greater than three. 

We can also do this as well using list comprehension. This will only require us to add another line of code at the end of the preexisting one that reads if x is greater than three.



Example 3

In this example, we are going to use a list of animals = [‘elephants’, ‘lions’, ‘lions’, ‘giraffe’, ‘antelope’]. 

Let’s say we only want animals that have the letter ‘a’ in them, we can either use the for loop to iterate through the entire list and filter only elements with the letter a. As shown here.



Using list comprehension on the other hand we only need to state this in one line. 


Learn Python List Comprehension online


Nice and neatly will say newlist is equal to animal for animal in animals if ‘a’ in animal. So this does look a little bit confusing, but what the code is doing, is essentially what we did before and every time it references the word animal and checks if it contains that letter ‘a’ and then proceeds to append it to the newlist.



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